Adikamus Pelajar: Imbuhan/Bentuk Terikat Berdasarkan Topik

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Bagian ini disajikan masih dalam ejaan aslinya, dengan bahasa asal dicantumkan pada setiap imbuhan dan bentuk terikat yang disajikan. Makna yang sukar untuk diterjemahkan ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia sederhana, masih disajikan dengan mencantumkan makna aslinya.

Berdasarkan Warna & Karakternya[sunting]

hitam[sunting]

[Lat]: atr-, atri-; [Yun]: melan-, melano-; [Lat]: nigr-, nigri

biru[sunting]

[Lat]: cerule-; [Yun]: cyano-

abu-abu kebiruan[sunting]

[Lat]: caesi-

coklat[sunting]

[Lat]: brunne-; [Lat]: castane-; [Lat]: fuse-

abu-abu[sunting]

[Lat]: glauc-, [Lat]: grise-; [Yun]: polio-

hijau[sunting]

[Yun]: chloro-; [Lat]: virid-, viridi-

kuning pucat[sunting]

[Lat]: gllv-; [Yun]: ochro-

ungu[sunting]

[Yun]: phoenico-; [Yun]: porphyro-, [Lat]: purpur-, purpure

merah[sunting]

[Yun]: erythro-; [Lat]: rubi-, rubr-, rufi-

jingga kemerahan[sunting]

[Yun]: pyrrho-

kirmizi, merah padam, merah tua, merah menyala (scarlet)[sunting]

[Lat]: coccin-

kuning kecoklatan (tawny)[sunting]

[Lat]: fulv-; [Yun]: cirrho-

ungu[sunting]

[Yun]: ianthin-, iodo-, iono-; [Lat]: violace-

putih[sunting]

[Lat]: alb-, albi-; [Lat]: candid-; [Yun]: leuco-

kuning[sunting]

[Lat]:flav-; [Lat]: galb-; [Lat]: lute-; [Yun]: thapsino-;

[Yun]: xantho-

Warna-Warna Logam[sunting]

perunggu[sunting]

[Lat]: aene-; [Yun]: chalco-

tembaga[sunting]

[Yun]: chalco-; [Lat]: cupri-

emas[sunting]

[Lat]: aur-, aurat-, aure-; [Yun]: chryso-

besi[sunting]

[Lat]: ferr-, ferro-

timah[sunting]

[Yun]: molybdo-; [Lat]: plumb-, plumbe-

perak[sunting]

[Lat]: argent-; [Yun]: argyr-, argyro-

baja[sunting]

[Lat]: chalybd-

Warna-Warna dari Benda Lainnya[sunting]

kelabu, abu-abu[sunting]

[Lat]: dner-; [Lat]: livid—, [Yun]: tephro-

merah darah[sunting]

[Yun]: haemo-, haemato—, [Lat]: sanguin!-

coklat kemerahan (kastanya)[sunting]

[Lat]: castane-

hitam batu bara[sunting]

[Yun]: anthraco—, [Lat]: carb-

warna-menyala[sunting]

[Lat]: flamme-; [Yun]: pyrrho-

jeruk nipis (lime, lemon)[sunting]

[Yun]: citrin-, dtro-

jeruk[sunting]

[Lat]: auranti-; [Yun]: cirrho-, [Yun]: croco-

pelangi[sunting]

[Yun]: irido-

mawar[sunting]

[Yun]: rhodo-; [Lat]: ros-, rose-

warna karat[sunting]

[Lat]: ferrugin-; [Lat]: rubigin-

salju[sunting]

[Yun]: chiono-; [Yun]: nipho-; [Lat]: nival-

warna jelaga[sunting]

[Yun]: aethalo-; [Lat]: fuligin-; [Lat]: fumi-

warna minuman anggur[sunting]

[Yun]: oeno-

Pemerian mengenai Kualitas[sunting]

gelap, gulita[sunting]

[Yun]: amauro-; [Lat]: calig-, caligln-; [Yun]: mauro-; [Lat]: obscur-

remang[sunting]

[Yun]: amydro-

warna jatuh malam, agak hitam, agak gulita (dusky)[sunting]

[Yun]: pello-; [Yun]: phaeo-; [Lat]: pulli-

pucat[sunting]

[Yun]: ochro-; [Yun]: liro-; [Lat]: pallid-, pallidi-

Battern

lurik-lurik, belang-belang (banded)[sunting]

[Lat]:fasciat-

petak-petak, kotak-kotak (checkered)[sunting]

[Lat]: tesselat-

berbintik-bintik, berintik-rintik, berkurik-kurik (speckled)[sunting]

[Yun]: psaro-

tutul-tutul, berbintik-bintik (spotted)[sunting]

[Yun]: balio-; [Lat]: maculât-, [Yun]: stigmato-

bercoret, bercoreng (streaked)[sunting]

[Lat]: plagat-

bergaris-garis (striped)[sunting]

[Lat]: vittat-

Lain-Lainnya[sunting]

cantik[sunting]

[Lat]: bell-; [Yun]: calo-; [Lat]: cypri-; [Lat]· pulchr-

warna[sunting]

[Yun]: chromato-, chromo; [Lat]: colori-

seperti kaca, lir-kaca (glassy)[sunting]

[Yun]: hyalo-; [Lat]: pellucid-

berkilau, kemilau (shiny)[sunting]

[Yun]: argo-; [Lat]: lucid-

Ukuran[sunting]

kerdil, katai (dwarf)[sunting]

[Yun]: nano-; [Lat]: pumili-

setara (equal)[sunting]

[Lat]: equi-; [Yun]: iso-; [Lat]: pari-

raksasa, sangat besar (gigantic)[sunting]

[Yun]: colosso-; [Yun]: ^ganto-; [Lat]: ingenti-; [Yun]: peloro-; [Yun]: titano-

berat, besar bobotnya[sunting]

[Yun]: baro-, bary-; [Lat]: gravi-

besar[sunting]

[Lat]: grandi-; [Yun]: macro-; [Lat]: magni-, [Yun]: mega-, mégalo-

terbesar[sunting]

[Lat]: maxim-; [Yun]: megtsto-

kurang dari[sunting]

[Yun]: meio-, mio-; [Lat]: sub-

ringan dalam hal bobot[sunting]

[Yun]: elaphro-; [Lat]: levi-

panjang[sunting]

[Yun]: dolicho-, [Lat]: longi-; [Yun]: meco-

terpanjang[sunting]

[Yun]: mecisto-

pendek[sunting]

[Yun]: brachy-; [Lat]: brevi-; [Lat]: curti-

kecil[sunting]

[Yun]: baeo-; [Yun]: micro-; [Lat]: minut-; [Lat]: parvi-;

[Yun]: pauro-; [Lat]: pusill-

terkecil[sunting]

[Yun]: elachisto-; [Lat]: minim-

tinggi[sunting]

[Yun]: aep-, aepy-; [Lat]: alti-; [Lat]: procer-, proceri-

tidak setara[sunting]

[Yun]: aniso-

Bentuk[sunting]

memiliki sudut, bersudut (angled)[sunting]

[Lat]: anguli-; [Yun]: gonio-

bengkok, tertekuk (bent)[sunting]

[Yun]: ancylo-; [Yun]: campto-; [Yun]: campylo-; [Yun]: cypho-

tumpul, puntul (blunt)[sunting]

[Yun]: ambly-; [Lat]: obtus-; [Lat]: retus-

lebar (broad)[sunting]

(see wide)

bundar, mengelilingi, melingkar (circular)[sunting]

(see round)

tertempa, terpukul, terhantam (clubbed)[sunting]

[Lat]: clavat-; [Yun]: rhopalo-

tertutup, tanpa bukaan (closed)[sunting]

[Yun] clisto-

bergelung, berlingkar (coiled)[sunting]

(see spiral)

berbentuk bulan sabit[sunting]

[Lat]: lunuli-; [Yun]: menisco-

bengkok[sunting]

[Yun]: ancylo-; [Yun]: rhaebo-; [Yun]: scolio-

meringkuk[sunting]

[Lat]: crispi-: [Yun]: bostrycho-

lengkung[sunting]

[Yun]: cyrto-; [Yun]: gampso-; [Yun]: toxo-

berbentuk silinder[sunting]

[Lat]: cylind-, cylindro-

padat[sunting]

(lihat tebal/thick)

bundar-telur[sunting]

[Lat]: ovat-

datar[sunting]

[Lat]: aplanat-; [Lat]: plani-; [Yun]: platy-

lir-garpu (berbentuk seperti garpu)[sunting]

[Yun]: dicho-; [Yun]: dicro-; [Lat]: forficat-; [Lat]: furc-

bentuk[sunting]

[Lat]: -form; [Yun]: morpho-; [Yun]: schemato-

berongga[sunting]

[Lat]: alveo-; [Lat]: cavi-; [Yun]: coelo-

berbentuk seperti kait[sunting]

[Yun]: ancistr-; [Yun]: ancylo

miring[sunting]

(see slanting)

terbuka[sunting]

[Lat]: aperi-; [Yun]: chaeno-; [Yun]: oego-

runcing[sunting]

[Lat]: acuminat-; [Lat]: muricat-

kasar/kasap[sunting]

[Yun]: carcharo-; [Lat]: pannos-; [Yun]: rhago-

bulat/bundar[sunting]

[Lat]: circuli-; [Yun]: cyclo-; [Yun]: gyro-; [Lat]: rotundi-; [Yun]: strongylo-

tajam[sunting]

[Lat]: acri-; [Lat]: acuti-; [Yun]: oxy-

miring[sunting]

[Lat]: declivi-; [Yun]: dochmo-; [Yun]: epiphoro-; [Yun]: lechrio-; [Yun]: loxo-; [Lat]: obliqu-; [Yun]: plagio-

ramping[sunting]

[Lat]: gracil-; [Yun]: lepto-; [Lat]: tenui-

bulat[sunting]

[Yun]: sphaero-

spiral[sunting]

[Yun]: helico-; [Lat]: spirali-; [Lat]: strombi-

terpisah[sunting]

[Yun]: dicho-, [Yun]: dicrano-; [Yun]: schisto-, schizo-

persegi empat[sunting]

[Lat]: quadrat-

curam[sunting]

[Yun]: ananto-; [Lat]: ardu-

lurus[sunting]

[Yun]: euthy-; [Yun]: ortho-; [Lat]: recti -

tebal[sunting]

[Lat]: crassi-; [Yun]: hadro-; [Yun]: pachy-; [Yun]: pycno-

robek, cabik, koyak[sunting]

[Yun]: rhago-

segitiga[sunting]

[Yun]: delt-; [Yun]: trigono-

berpiuh, memiuh, berpilin[sunting]

[Yun]: ileo-; [Yun]: plecto-; [Yun]: strepto-; [Yun]: strobilo-, strobo-; [Yun]: stropho-

bergelombang[sunting]

[Lat]: undulat-

lebar[sunting]

[Yun]: eury-; [Lat]: lati-; [Yun]: platy-

Tekstur, Bentuk Permukaan[sunting]

telanjang[sunting]

[Yun]: gymno-, [Lat]: nudi-; [Yun]: psilo-

berjanggut, berjenggot[sunting]

[Lat]: barbat-; [Lat]: crinit-; [Yun]: pogono-

berbulu halus[sunting]

[Yun]: pappo-; [Lat]: pubesc-

lentur, fleksibel[sunting]

[Yun]: campo-

beralur[sunting]

[Yun]: aulaco-, [Yun]: glypho-, glypto-; [Lat]: striât-; [Lat]: strigat-, [Lat]: sulcat-

berambut[sunting]

[Yun]: dasy-; [Lat]: hirsut-; [Yun]: lasio-; [Yun]: trichodo-; [Lat]: villos-

keras[sunting]

[Lat]: duri-; [Yun]: sclero-

terjungkal[sunting]

[Lat]: carinat-

jaringan, berjala[sunting]

[Yun]: arcy-; [Lat]: reti-, retin-

tertusuk[sunting]

[Lat]: punctat-; [Yun]: sticto-

kasar[sunting]

[Lat]: asper-, aspr-; [Lat]: scabr-; [Yun]: trach-, trachin-, tracho-, trachy-

halus (smooth)[sunting]

[Yun]: aphelo-; [Lat]: giabr-; [Yun]: leio-; [Yun]: lisso-; [Yun]: lito-

lembut (soft)[sunting]

[Yun]: malaco-; [Lat]: molli -

berduri[sunting]

[Yun]: acantho-; [Yun]: echino-; [Lat]: spini-

lir-wol (woolly)[sunting]

[Yun]: lachno-; [Lat]: lani-; [Yun]: mallo-

berkerut[sunting]

[Lat]: caperat-, [Lat]: corrugat-; [Yun]: rhysso-; [Lat]: rugos-

Arah & Posisi[sunting]

di atas[sunting]

[Yun]: hyper-; [Lat]: super-, supra

di seberang[sunting]

[Yun]: dia-; [Lat]: trans-

berlawanan dengan, berkebalikan dari[sunting]

[Yun]: anti-; [Lat]: contra-

terpisah dari[sunting]

[Yun]: dia-; [Lat]: dis-

titik puncak, titik-temu teratas (apex)[sunting]

[Yun]: aero-; [Lat]: apic-

di sekitar, di seputar[sunting]

[Lat]: ambi-; [Lat]: circum-; [Yun]: peri-

menjauh dari, beranjak dari[sunting]

[Yun]: apo-

di/ke/dari arah belakang[sunting]

[Yun]: opisth-, opistho-; [Yun]: palin-; [Lat]: retr-, retro-

sebelum[sunting]

[Lat]: ante-, antero-; [Lat]: pre-; [Yun]: pro-

di belakang (behind)[sunting]

[Yun]: opistho-; [Lat]: post-, postero-

di bawah (below)[sunting]

[Yun]: hypo-; [Lat]: infra-

di samping[sunting]

[Yun]: para-

antara (between)[sunting]

[Lat]: inter-; [Yun]: meta-

melampaui[sunting]

[Lat]: ultra-

di/ke/dari seberang (crosswise)[sunting]

[Yun]: chaism-; [Lat]: decussi-

turun, menurun[sunting]

[Yun]: cat-, cata-; [Lat]: de-

timur[sunting]

[Yun]: euro-; [Lat]: oriental-

jauh[sunting]

[Yun]: tele-

pertama[sunting]

[Yun]: archi-, archo-; [Lat]: primi-; [Yun]: protero-, proto-

di/ke/dari depan[sunting]

[Lat]: antero-; [Yun]: proso-; [Yun]: proto-

dari dalam (inner)[sunting]

[Yun]: endo-, ento-

di tengah (middle)[sunting]

[Lat]: medi-, medio-; [Yun]: meso-

dekat (near)[sunting]

[Yun]: anchi-; [Yun]: engy-; [Yun]:para-, [Lat]: proxim-

northern[sunting]

dari arah yang berlawanan (opposite)[sunting]

[Yun]: anti-; [Lat]: contra-; [Yun];enanti-

di luar/dari arah luar (outside)[sunting]

[Yun]: ecto-; [Yun]: exo-; [Lat]: extern-

berlebihan[sunting]

[Yun]: hyper-; [Lat]: super-, supra-

kedua[sunting]

[Yun]: deutero-; [Lat]: secund-

terpisah[sunting]

[Yun]: crino-; [Lat]: divaricat-

sisi/samping[sunting]

[Lat]: lateri-, latero-; [Yun]: pleuro-

miring[sunting]

[Lat]: declivi-; [Yun]: dochmo-; [Yun]: loxo-; [Yun]: plagio-

selatan[sunting]

[Lat]: austr-, austral-; [Lat]: notial-; [Yun]: noto-

ketiga[sunting]

[Lat]: terti-; [Yun]: trito-

atas[sunting]

[Yun]: aero-; [Lat]: apici-

di bawah (under)[sunting]

[Yun]: hypo-; [Lat]: infra-; [Lat]: sub

barat[sunting]

(My): hesperi-; [Lat]: occidental -

di dalam (within)[sunting]

[Yun]: endo-, ento-, [Lat]: intra -

Bilangan[sunting]

satu-setengah[sunting]

[Yun]: hemi-; [Lat]: semi-

satu[sunting]

[Yun]: mono-; [Lat]: uni-

satu dan satu-setengah[sunting]

[Lat]: sesqui-

dua[sunting]

[Lat]: bi-; [Yun]: di-; [Lat]: duo-

ganda (double)[sunting]

[Yun]: amphi-, ampho-; [Lat]: duplici-; [Yun]: didymo-; [Yun]: diplo-

tiga[sunting]

[Lat]: tri-; [Yun]: tria-, triado-

empat[sunting]

[Lat]: quadri-; [Yun]: tetra-

lima[sunting]

[Yun]: pento-; [Lat]: quinque-

enam[sunting]

[Yun]: hexa-; [Lat]: sex-, sexi-

tujuh[sunting]

[Yun]: hepta-; [Lat]: septem-, septen-

delapan[sunting]

(Lat, Yun): octo-

sembilan[sunting]

[Yun]: ennea-; [Lat]: novem-

sepuluh[sunting]

[Yun]: deçà-; [Lat]: decim-

sebelas[sunting]

[Yun]: hendeca-; [Lat]: undecim-

dua belas[sunting]

[Yun]: dodeca-; [Lat]: duodecim-

seratus[sunting]

[Lat]: centi-; [Yun]: hecato-

seribu[sunting]

[Yun]: kilo-; [Lat]: milli-

Jumlah, Kuantitas[sunting]

semua[sunting]

[Lat]: omni-; [Yun]: pan-, panto-; [Lat]: toti-

umum (common)[sunting]

[Yun]: coeno-; [Lat]: commun-; [Lat]: vulgar-

setara (equal)[sunting]

[Lat]: equi-; [Yun]: iso-; [Lat]: pari-

kosong (empty)[sunting]

[Yun]: ceno-; [Lat]: vacu-; [Lat]: vani-

genap[sunting]

[Yun]: artio-

beberapa (few)[sunting]

[Yun]: oligo-; [Lat]: pauci-; [Yun]: pauro-

penuh (full)[sunting]

[Yun]: mesto-; [Lat]: pleni-, [Yun]: plero-

banyak (many)[sunting]

[Lat]: multi-; [Yun]: myria-; [Yun]: poly-

lebih (more)[sunting]

[Yun]: plio-; [Lat]: pluri-

paling (most)[sunting]

[Yun]: pleisto-

ganjil[sunting]

[Yun]: perisso-

bagian[sunting]

[Yun]: mero-; [Lat]: parti-

simple[sunting]

[Yun]: haplo-; [Lat]: simplici-

sin^e (sinus pangkat bilangan alami)[sunting]

[Yun]: henico-; [Yun]: haplo-

sendirian (solitary)[sunting]

[Yun]: eremit-, eremo-

tidak setara (unequal)[sunting]

[Yun]: aniso-

sangat (very)[sunting]

[Yun]: aga-; [Yun]: ari-; [Yun]: za-

keseluruhan, seluruhnya (whole)[sunting]

[Yun]: holo-; [Lat]: integri-

Jenis-Jenis Hewan[sunting]

binatang/hewan[sunting]

[Yun]: zoo-, -zoon

burung[sunting]

[Lat]: avi-, -avis; [Yun]: -omis, ornitho-

kucing[sunting]

[Yun]: aeluro-, -aelurus; [Lat]: feli-, -felis

ulat[sunting]

[Yun]: -campa, campo-; [Lat]: -eruca, eruci-

sapi[sunting]

[Yun]: boo-, -bus; [Lat]: -bos, bov-

anjing[sunting]

[Lat]: cani-, -canis; [Yun]: cyno-, -cyon

ikan[sunting]

[Yun]: ichthyo-, -ichthys; [Lat]: pisci-, -piscis

lalat[sunting]

[Lat]: -musca, musci-; [Yun]: myi-, -myia

katak/kodok[sunting]

[Yun]: batracho, -batrachus; [Yun]: -phryna, phryno-; [Lat]: -rana, rani-

kuda[sunting]

[Lat]: equi-, -equus; [Yun]: hippo-, -hippus

serangga[sunting]

[Yun]: entomo-; [Lat]: insecti-

lintah[sunting]

[Yun]: -bdella, bdello-; [Lat]: hirudini-, -hirudo

manusia[sunting]

[Yun]: anthropo-, -anthropus; [Lat]: homini-,-homo

tikus[sunting]

[Lat]: mûri-, -mus; [Yun]: myo-, -mys

babi[sunting]

Yun: hyo-, -hys; [Lat]: sui-, -sus

reptil[sunting]

[Yun]: herpeto-

kerang[sunting]

[Yun]: concho-, -concha

ular[sunting]

[Lat]: aspidi-, -aspis; (L>: -coluber, colubri-; [Yun]: ophio-, -ophis

laba-laba[sunting]

[Yun]: -arachna, arachno-; [Lat]: -aranea, aranei-

kura-kura[sunting]

[Yun]: chelono-, -chelys; [Yun]: emydo-, -emys; [Lat]: testudini-, -testudo

cacing tanah (worm)[sunting]

[Yun]: -helmins, helmintho—, [Lat]: vermi-, -vermis

Bagian-Bagian Tubuh Hewan[sunting]

pergelangan kaki (ankle)[sunting]

[Lat]: tars-, tarsi-, -tarsus

dubur/anus[sunting]

[Lat]: ano-, -anus; [Yun]: procto-, -proctus

lengan (arm)[sunting]

[Yun]: brachi-, -brachium

punggung, bagian belakang (back)[sunting]

[Lat]: dors-, dorsi-, -dorsum; [Yun]: noto-, -notus; [Lat]: terg-, -tergum

kantung kemih, kandung kemih (bag, bladder)[sunting]

[Yun]: asco-, -ascus; [Yun]: cysto-, -cystis; [Yun]: -physa, physo-; [Lat]: -vesica, vesico-

paruh[sunting]

[Yun]: rhyncho-, -rhynchus; [Lat]: rostr-, -rostrum

perut[sunting]

[Lat]: -venter, ventr-, ventro-

darah[sunting]

[Yun]: -haema, haemato-, haemo-; [Lat]: sanguini-, -sanguis

body: [Lat]: corporo-, -corpus; [Yun]: -soma, somato-

tulang[sunting]

[Lat]: -os, ossi-; [Yun]: osteo-, -osteum

sempadan, batasan (border)[sunting]

[Yun]: chilo-, -chilus; [Yun]: craspedo-, -craspedum

otak[sunting]

[Lat]: cereb-, cerebr-, -cerebrum; [Yun]: encephalo-, -encephalus

payudara (breast)[sunting]

[Lat]: pector-, -pectus; [Lat]: stern-, sterni-, -sternum; see

payudara dan dada (breast and chest)[sunting]

bristle: [Yun]: -chaeta, chaeto—, [Lat]: -seta, seti-

tulang rawan (cartilage)[sunting]

[Yun]: chondro-, -chondrus

sel[sunting]

[Lat]: -cella, celli-; [Yun]: cyto-, -cytus

pipi[sunting]

[Lat]: bucc-, -bucca; [Lat]: gen-, -gena, geno-

dada[sunting]

[Yun]: stetho-, -stethus; see also breast and thorax

cakar[sunting]

[Yun]: chel-, -chela, chelo-; [Yun]: onycho-, -onyx; [Lat]: ungui-, -unguis

jambul (pada burung)[sunting]

[Lat]: crist-, -crista; [Yun]: lopho-, -lophus

mahkota[sunting]

[Lat]: coron-, -corona; [Yun]: stephano-, -stephanus

jemari, jejari[sunting]

[Yun]: dactylo-, -dactylus; [Lat]: digiti-, -digitus

kuping, telinga[sunting]

[Lat]: auri-, -auris [Lat]; [Yun]: otido-, oto-, -ous

telur[sunting]

[Yun]: oo-, -oum; [Lat]: ovi-, -ovum

mata[sunting]

[Lat]: oculi-, -oculus; [Yun]: -omma, ommato-; [Yun]: ophthalmo-, -ophthalmus; [Yun]: opo-, -ops, opto-

bulu mata[sunting]

[Yun]: -blepharis, blepharo-

kelopak mata[sunting]

[Lat]: cili-, -cilium

muka, wajah[sunting]

[Lat]: faci-, -faciès; [Yun]: -ops

bulu (burung)[sunting]

[Lat]: -pinna, pinni-; [Lat]: plum-,-pluma, plumi-; [Yun]: -pteryla, pterylo-; [Yun]: ptilo-, -ptilum

jari[sunting]

(lihat jemari, jejari)

daging[sunting]

[Lat]: carni-, -caro; [Yun]: sarco-, -sarx

kaki[sunting]

[Lat]: pedi-, -pes; [Yun]: podo-, -pus

dahi, kening[sunting]

-frons, front-; [Yun]: metopo-, -metopus, -metopius

insang[sunting]

[Yun]: branch-, -branchium, brancho-

kelenjar[sunting]

[Yun]: -aden, adeno-; [Lat]: glandi-, -glans

pangkal paha, pelangkangan[sunting]

-inguen, inguini-

rambut[sunting]

[Lat]: capill-, -capillus; [Lat]: crini-, -crinis; [Lat]: pil-, pili-, -pilus; [Yun]: -thrix, tricho-

tangan[sunting]

[Yun]: -chir, chiro-; [Lat]: mani-, manu-, -manus

kepala, endas, mustaka[sunting]

[Lat]: capit-, capiti-, -caput; [Yun]: -cephala, cephalo-

jantung[sunting]

[Yun]: cardi-, -cardia; [Lat]: -cor, cordi-

tumit[sunting]

(bagian telapak kaki sebelah belakang, di bawah mata kaki)

[Lat]: calcan-, calcane-,-calcaneum; [Lat]: talari-, tali-, -talus

tanduk[sunting]

[Yun]: -cera, cerato-; [Lat]: corn-, -cornus

rahang, mandibula[sunting]

[Yun]: genyo-, -genys; [Yun]: gnatho-, -gnathus; [Lat]: maxill-, -maxilla

sendi[sunting]

[Yun]: arthro-, -arthrum; [Lat]: articuli-, -articulus, -artus

ginjal[sunting]

[Yun]: nephro-, -nephrus; [Lat]: ren-, -ren, reni-

lutut[sunting]

[Lat]: genu-, -genu; [Yun]: gony-, gpnyo-, -gonys; [Yun]: -gonatium, gonato-

buku jari[sunting]

[Yun]: condylo-, -condylus

kaki[sunting]

[Yun]: cnemi-, -cnemis; [Lat]: crur-, -crus; [Yun]: -scelis, scelo-, scelido-

bibir[sunting]

[Yun]: chilo-, -chilus; [Lat]: labi-, labio-, -labium, labr-, -labrum

liver, hati[sunting]

[Yun]: -hepar, hepato-; [Lat]: jecori-, -jecur

paru-paru[sunting]

[Yun]: -pneuma, pneumo-; [Lat]: pulmo-, -pulmo, pulmono-

membran, selaput (pemisah)[sunting]

[Yun]: chorio-, -chorium; [Yun]: -hymen, hymeno-; [Lat]: membran-, -membrana; [Yun]: meningo-, -meninx

mulut[sunting]

[Lat]: ora-, ori-, -os; [Yun]: -stoma, stomato-

lendir[sunting]

[Yun]: blenno-, -blennus

otot[sunting]

[Yun]: myo-, -mys; see also flesh

leher[sunting]

[Yun]: -auchen, aucheno-; [Lat]: cervic-, -cervix; [Lat]: coll-, -collum; [Yun]: -dera, dero-; [Yun]: trachelo-, -trachelus

hidung[sunting]

[Lat]: nasi-, -nasus; [Yun]: rhino-, -rhis

rusuk[sunting]

[Lat]: cost-, -costa, costi-; [Yun]: scelido-, -scelis

pantat (hewan)[sunting]

[Yun]: gluteo-, -gluteus; [Yun]: -pyga, pygo-

sisik[sunting]

[Yun]: lepido-, -lepis; [Lat]: squam-, -squama, squami-

cangkang, kerang[sunting]

[Yun]: -concha, concho-; [Yun]: ostraco-, -ostracum

bahu, pundak[sunting]

[Yun]: omo-, -omus

kulit[sunting]

-byrsa, byrso—, [Yun]: chorio-, -chorium; [Lat].: cutan-, cuti-, -cutis; [Yun]: derm-, -derma, dermo-, dermato-; [Yun]: scyto-, -scytus

tengkorak, tulang tempurung kepala[sunting]

[Yun]: cranio-, -cranium

moncong, patuk[sunting]

(lihat paruh)

sperma, (air) mani[sunting]

[Lat]: -semen, semin—, [Yun]: -sperma, spermato-

ruas tulang belakang (spine)[sunting]

[Yun]: -acantha, acantho-; [Yun]: rhachi-, -rhachis; [Lat]: -spina, spini-

lambung[sunting]

[Yun]: -gaster, gastro-; [Lat]: -venter, ventr-

jahitan (pada luka; suture)[sunting]

[Yun]: -rhapha, rhapho-

ekor, buntut[sunting]

[Lat]: caud-, -cauda; [Yun]: cerco-, -cercus; [Yun]: -ura, uro-

paha[sunting]

[Lat]: femor-, -femur; [Yun]: mero-,-merus

rongga dada (thorax)[sunting]

[Yun]: thoraco-, -thorax

tenggorokan (throat)[sunting]

[Lat]: gula-, -gula; [Lat]: guttur-, -guttur; [Yun]: laemo-, -laemus; [Yun]: pharyngo-, -pharynx; [Yun]: trachelo-, -trachelus

jaringan (tissue)[sunting]

[Yun]: histo-, -histus; [Lat]: tel-, -tela, teli-

jari kaki[sunting]

(lihat jemari, jejari)

lidah, ilat, pengecap[sunting]

[Yun]: -glossa, glosso-, -glotta, glotto-; [Lat]: -lingu-, -lingua

gigi[sunting]

[Lat]: -dens, dent-, denti-; [Yun]: odonto-, -odous, -odus

vena, pembuluh darah balik (vein)[sunting]

[Yun]: phlebo-, -phleps; [Lat]: ven-, -vena, veni-

batang tenggorok (windpipe)[sunting]

[Yun]: broncho-, -bronchus; [Yun]: trache-, -trachea

sayap[sunting]

[Lat]: ala-, -ala, ali-; [Yun]: ptero-, -pterum; [Yun]: pterygo-, -pteryx

pergelangan tangan (wrist)[sunting]

[Lat]: carpo-, -carpus

Zat yang Umum[sunting]

debu[sunting]

[Yun]: conio-, -conis; [Lat]: pulveri-, -puMs

lemak[sunting]

[Yun]: -adeps, adipo-, [Yun]: demo-, -demus; [Yun]: lipo-, -llpus;

[Yun]: -piar, piaro-; [Yun]: -pimela, pimelo-; [Lat]: sebo-, -sebum;

[Yun]: -stear, steat-, steato-

tepung, bubukan (flour)[sunting]

[Yun]: aleuro-, -aleurum; [Lat]: farin-, -farina

makanan[sunting]

[Yun]: bor-, -bora; [Yun]: -broma, bromato-; [Yun]: sltio-, sito-, -situs

gelas[sunting]

[Yun]: hyalo-, -hyalus; [Lat]: vitri-, -vitrum

lem, perekat (glue)[sunting]

[Yun]: -colla, collo-; [Yun]: -glia, glio-; [Lat]: -gluten, glutin-

madu (honey)[sunting]

[Yun]: -melis, melito-; [Lat]: -mel, melli-

susu (milk)[sunting]

[Yun]: -gala, galacto-; [Lat]: -lac, lacti-

batu (rock)[sunting]

[Lat]: lapid-, -lapis; [Yun]: litho-, -lithus; [Yun]: -petra, petro-;

[Lat]: rupi-, -rupis; [Lat]: saxi-, -saxum

garam[sunting]

[Yun]: halo-, -hais; [Lat]: -sal, sali-, salin-

sutra (silk)[sunting]

[Lat]: bombyc-, -bombyx; [Lat]: -ser, seri-, seric-

serbuk (starch)[sunting]

[Yun]: amylo-, -amylum, -amylus

air (water)[sunting]

[Lat]: aqua-, -aqua, aquat-; [Yun]: -hydor,--hydra, hydro-

lilin (wax)[sunting]

[Lat]: ceri-, -cera; [Yun]: cero-, -cerus

wol (wool)[sunting]

[Yun]: -lachna, lachno-, -lachnus; [Yun]: -mallus, mallo-; [Lat]: -lana, lani-

Jenis-Jenis Tumbuhan[sunting]

tumbuhan paku (fern)[sunting]

[Yun]: pterido-, -pteris

jamur (fungus)[sunting]

[Lat]: fungi-, -fungus; [Yun]: -myces, myceto-, myco-

buliran (grain)[sunting]

[Yun]: -chondrium, chondro-

rumput (grass)[sunting]

[Lat]: -gramen, gramini-; [Lat]: grani-, -granum; [Yun]: -poa, poo-

lumut gada (moss)[sunting]

[Yun]: bryo-, -bryum; [Yun]: hypno-, -hypnum; [Yun]: mnio-, -mnium

tumbuhan, tanaman (plant)[sunting]

[Yun]: phyto-, -phytum

gelagah, alang-alang (reed)[sunting]

[Lat]: arundi-, -arundo; [Yun]: calamo-, -calamus; [Yun]: donaci-, -donax

semak, belukar (shrub)[sunting]

[Yun]: thamno-, -thamnus

pohon (tree)[sunting]

[Lat]: arbor-, -arbor, arbore-; [Yun]: dendro-, -dendron, -dendrum

tumbuhan merambat (vine)[sunting]

[Yun]: ampelo-, -ampelus; [Lat]: viti-, -vitis

gandum (wheat)[sunting]

[Yun]: pyro-, -pyrum; [Lat]: tritici-, -triticum

Bagian-Bagian Tanaman[sunting]

kulit kayu (bark)[sunting]

[Lat]: -cortex, cortici-; [Yun]: phloeo-, -phloeus

buah yang bundar kecil (berry)[sunting]

[Lat]: acini-, -acinus; [Yun]: cocco-, -coccus; [Lat]: -bacca, bacci-

semak duri (bramble)[sunting]

[Yun]: bato-, -batus

cabang pohon (branch)[sunting]

[Yun]: clado-, -cladus; [Lat]: ram-, rami-, ramo-, -ramus

kuncup bunga (bud)[sunting]

[Lat]: gemm-, -gemma

kembang, bunga (flower)[sunting]

[Yun]: -anthemum, antho-, -anthus; [Lat]: -flora, flori-

buah[sunting]

[Yun]: carp-, carpo-,-carpus; [Lat]: fructi-,-fructus; [Lat]: porno-, -pomus

daun[sunting]

[Lat]: foli-, -folium; [Yun]: phyllo-, -phyllum

kacang (nut)[sunting]

[Yun]: caryo-, -caryum; [Lat]: nuci-, -nux

akar (root)[sunting]

[Lat]: radici-, -radix; [Yun]: -rhiza, rhizo-

benih (seed)[sunting]

[Yun]: blasto-, -blastus; [Lat]: -semen, semini-; [Yun]: -sperma, spermato-; [Yun]: -spora, sporo-

tangkai pohon (stalk, stem)[sunting]

[Lat]: cauli-,-caulis; [Yun]: caulo-,-caulus; [Lat]: petiol-, -petiolus; [Lat]: -stipes, stipit-

duri, onak (thorn, spine)[sunting]

[Yun]: -acantha, acantho-; [Lat]: -spina, spini-

Aktivitas Hewan[sunting]

bernapas (breathe)[sunting]

[Yun]: pneumato-, pneumo-

membawa (carry)[sunting]

[Lat]: fer-; [Yun]: phoro-

merayap (creep)[sunting]

[Yun]: erpet-; [Lat]: rept-, reptili-

memotong, mengiris (cut)[sunting]

[Lat]: sect-; [Yun]: tom-

menari (dance)[sunting]

[Yun]: choreo-

tinggal, menetap (dwell)[sunting]

[Lat]: col-, coli-; [Yun]: -ecetes, -êtes; [Lat]: -estr

makan (eat)[sunting]

[Yun]: phago-; [Yun]: tropho-; [Lat]: vor-, vora-

memberi makan (feed)[sunting]

(lihat makan)

melakukan kebiasaan (habit)[sunting]

[Yun]: etho-, -ethus

melompat, meloncat (jump)[sunting]

[Lat]: salt-; [Lat]: salien-; [Yun]: scirto-

hidup (live)[sunting]

(lihat tinggal, menetap)

mencintai (love)[sunting]

[Yun]: philo-

bergerak (motion)[sunting]

[Yun]: cine-, cinemato-, cinet-; [Lat]: moti-

berisik (noisy)[sunting]

[Lat]: garrul-; [Yun]: spharago-, [Yun]: stombo-; [Lat]: vocifer-

cepat, lekas (quick)[sunting]

[Yun]: aeolo-, aeluro-

berlari (run)[sunting]

[Lat]: cursor-; [Yun]: dromo-

bernyanyi (sing)[sunting]

[Yun]: acheto-

tidur (sleep)[sunting]

[Lat]: dorm-; [Yun]: hypno-; [Lat]: somni-; [Lat]: sopor-

lamban, lambat (slow)[sunting]

[Yun]: brady-; [Lat]: tardi-

bersuara, berbunyi (sound)[sunting]

[Yun]: -phona, phono-

cepat, lesat (swift)[sunting]

[Lat]: céleri-; [Lat]: citi-; [Yun]: tachy-; [Lat]: veloci-

berenang (swim)[sunting]

[Lat]: nata-, natant-; [Yun]: necto-; [Yun]: pleo-

berbalik, berbelok, bergerak melekuk (turn)[sunting]

[Yun]: trop-, tropi-, tropido-

berjalan (walk)[sunting]

[Lat]: ambulat-; [Yun]: baeno-; [Yun]: bat-; [Lat]: gressor-

berkelana (wander)[sunting]

[Lat]: peregrin-; [Lat]: vag-, vagan-

Habltats

abode: (see house)

cave: [Lat]: antro-; [Lat]: caverni-; [Yun]: spel-, speleo-; [Yun]: troglo-

depths: [Yun]: batho-, bathy-; [Yun]: bentho-, [Yun]: bysso-; [Yun]: bytho-

dry: [Lat]: arid-; [Yun]: azo-; [Yun]: xero-

dung: [Yun]: bolito-; [Yun]: copro-; [Yun]: scat»-; [Yun]: spatilo-; [Lat]:

stereo-

dwell: [Lat]: col-, coli-; [Yun]: -ecetes, -êtes; [Lat]: -estr

earth: [Yun]: chamae-; [Yun]: chthono-; [Yun]: geo-

fleld: [Lat]:agri-, agro-; [Lat]: arv-, arvens-; [Lat]: camp-,

campestr-; [Lat]: prat-, prati-

forest: (see woods)

ground: (see earth)

house: [Yun]: eco-

island: [Lat]: insul-, insular-; [Yun]: neso-

lake: [Lat]: lacustr-; [Yun]: limno-

li^it: [Lat]:luci-; [Yun]: photo-

live: (see dwell)

marsh: [Yun]: eleo-, elo-; [Yun]: helo-, heleo-, helod-; [Yun]: limno-;

[Lat]: paludi-

meadow: (see field)

mountain: [Lat]: alpestr-, alpin-; [Lat]: mont-, montan-; [Yun]: oreo-

mud: [Yun]: borboro-; [Lat]:limi-; [Lat]: lut-; [Yun]: pelo-

ocean: (see sea)

place: [Yun]: topo-

pond: [Lat]: stagni-; [Yun]: telmato-

river: [Lat]: amni-; [Lat]: flumini-; [Lat]: fluvia-, fluviatil-; [Yun]:

potamo-

sand: [Yun]: ammo-; [Lat]: areni-; [Yun]: psammo-

sea: [Yun]: enalio-; [Yun]: halio-; [Lat]: marin-, maritim-, [Yun]: oceano—,

[Yun]: pelag-, pelago-; [Yun]: thalasso-

shade: [Yun]: scio-; [Lat]: umbri-

shore: [Yun]: aegialo-; [Lat]: litori-

snow: [Yun]: chiono-; [Yun]: nipho-; [Lat]: nival-

swamp: (see marsh)

thicket: [Lat]: dumi-; [Yun]: lochmo-; [Yun]: thamno-; [Yun]: xylocho-

water: [Lat]: aqua-, aquat-; [Yun]: hydro-; [Yun]:hygro-

woods: [Yun]: drymo-, [Lat]: sylvestr-, sylvi-

Miscellaneous

alike: [Yun]: homo-, homoeo-, [Lat]: identi-; [Lat]: simili-; [Yun]:

tauto-

ancient: [Yun]: archaeo-, [Yun]: palaeo-, palaeonto-

animal: [Yun]: zoo-

different: ( G ) : hetero- ; (L ) : vari-

false: [Lat]: falsi-; [Yun]: pseudo-, [Lat]: spuri-

hidden: [Yun]: aphano-, [Yun]: ceutho-; [Yun]: crypto-

life: [Yun]: bio-

man: [Yun]: andro-, [Yun]: anthropo-, [Lat]: homi-, homini-

moisture: [Lat]: humidi—, [Yun]: hygro-

moon: [Lat]: luni-; [Yun]: menado-, meni-; [Yun]: seleni-

new: [Yun]: caeno-; [Yun]: neo-; [Lat]: novi-

old: (see ancient)

night: [Lat]: noct-, nocti-; [Yun]: nyct-

sun: [Yun]: helio-, [Lat]: sol-

time: [Yun]: chrono-, [Lat]: tempor-

true: [Yun]: eleuthero-; [Yun]: eu-; [Lat]: veri

visible: [Yun]: delo-; [Yun]: phanero-, phanto-

Some Common Suffixes

-aceae: the ending of names of plant families

-aceus, -acea, -aceum: a Latin suffix meaning "of" or "pertaining to";

usually used with noun roots

-ago: a botanical suffix denoting resemblance

-ales: the ending of names of plant orders

-alis, -ale: a Latin suffix added to noun roots to form adjectives

meaning "pertaining to"

-anus, -ana, -anum: a Latin suffix added to noun roots to form adjec-

tives meaning "belonging to"; often used with names of localities

-atilis, -atile: a Latin adjectival suffix meaning "found in"; usually

used with roots of nouns referring to habitats

-cuius, -cula, -culum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-eae: the ending of names of plant tribes

-ecetes, -êtes: a Greek suffix meaning "one who," or "to dwell"; often

used with roots of nouns referring to habitats

-ellus, -ella, -ellum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-ensis, -ense: a Latin adjectival suffix meaning "belonging to"; usually

used with locality names

-es: a Greek suffix meaning the doer of an action, used with verb roots;

equivalent to the English suffixes ^er and -jar

-escens: a Latin adjectival suffix meaning "becoming," or "beginning

to"

-estris, -estre: a Latin suffix meaning "belonging to," or "living in";

generally used with nouns referring to habitats

-êtes: (see -ecetes)

-icosus, -icosa, -icosum: a Greek suffix added to verb roots meaning

"ability," or "fitness"

-idae: the ending of names of animal families

-idius, -idia, -idium: a Latin and Greek diminutive suffix

-iensis, -iense: (see -ensis)

-illus, -ilia, -ilium: a Latin diminutive suffix

-imus, -ima, -imum: a Latin superlative ending

-inae: the ending of names of animal subfamilies and plant subtribes

-ineae: the ending of names of plant suborders

-inus, -ina, -inum: a Latin suffix denoting "likeness," or "belonging to"

-iscus, -isca, -iscum: a Latin and Greek diminutive suffix

-issimus, -issima, -issimum: a Latin superlative ending

-istus, -ista, -istum: a Greek superlative ending

odea, -odes: a Greek suffix denoting resemblance

-oidea: the ending of names of animal superfamilies

-oideae: the ending of names of plant subfamilies

-olus, -ola, -olum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-osus, -osa, -osum: a Latin suffix meaning "full of," or "prone to"

-rimus, -rima, -rimum: the Latin superlative ending for adjectives

ending in er

-tatos: a Greek superlative ending

-ticus, -tica, -ticum: a Latin suffix meaning "belonging to"; generally

used with roots of nouns referring to habitats

-tus, -ta, -turn: a Latin past participle ending

-ullus, -ulla, -ullum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-ulus, -ula, -ulum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-unculus, -uncula, -unculum: a Latin diminutive suffix

Daftar Pustaka[sunting]

  • Borror, Donald J. Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms: Compiled from the Greek, Latin, and other languages, with special reference to biological terms and scientific names. Mayfield Publishing Company. Mountain View: 1960.
  • Jones, Russel (Penyunting Umum). Loanwords in Indonesian and Malay. Semula merupakan kamus dalam bentuk cetakan, kini tersedia dalam bentuk situs web di http://sealang.net/lwim/.
  • Ltd. Pan Macmillan. Macmillan Dictionary for Students. ISBN-10 : 002761560X. ISBN-13 : 978-0027615609. Simon & Schuster Books For Young Readers. 1984.
  • Merriam-Webster's Editorial Team. Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition. ASIN : B00BP0L620. Encyclopedia Britannica Company: 1 januari 2008.
  • Merriam-Webster's Editorial Team. Merriam-Webster's Medical Desk Dictionary. ISBN-13: 978-0877791256. ISBN-10: 0877791252. Delmar Cengage Learning. 1996.
  • Neufeldt, Victoria. Webster's New World College Dictionary, Third Edition. ASIN : B01FKS4DDG. Wiley & Sons. New York. 1995.