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  • 28 Maret 2024 09.59Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2/Bab 49e (riw | sunting) ‎[13.712 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLIXE. Baron Edmond de Rothschild in Palestine—Sir John Gray Hill—Professor S. Schechter—South African Statesmen—A Canadian Statesman—Christian religious literature again. The events in Turkey did not change Zionist convictions in the least degree, nor lessen the faith in the ultimate triumph of the cause. The colonization of Palestine by Jews is useful and desirable from every point of view. It was as much a necessity when Europe upheld the p...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.58Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2/Bab 49d (riw | sunting) ‎[6.649 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLIXD. Turkey, 1910‒14—The New Turkish Cabinet of 1912—The Balkan War—The Tenth and Eleventh Congresses—Death of Wolffsohn. We may as well now cast a glance at the aspect of the general political situation at the period this narrative has reached. Public opinion in England was greatly disappointed when the first enthusiasm for Turkish liberties had passed away. The ship of state in Turkey began to enter very troubled waters, and no one saw saf...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.58Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2/Bab 49c (riw | sunting) ‎[9.440 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLIXC. The Year 1906—The Pogroms—Emigration—Conder and his Activities—An Emigration Conference—The Eighth Congress—The Question of the Headquarters. The year 1906 was one of the ans terribles in the annals of Jewish history. It was a year of bloodshed and terror. Not even the dark ages extracted so heavy a toll of Jewish blood: something like 1400 pogroms took place all over the Ghetto. In many districts the Jewish population were completely...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.57Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2/Bab 49b (riw | sunting) ‎[12.609 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLIXB. England and Zionism—Sir B. Arnold in the Spectator—Cardinal Vaughan—Lord Rosebery—The Death of Herzl—David Wolffsohn—Prof. Otto Warburg—Zionism in the smaller states. The Uganda scheme, which was due to the initiative of Joseph Chamberlain, led to an intimate acquaintance between the Zionist leader and this great English statesman. This project, as well as the El Arish expedition, which failed in consequence of technical difficultie...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.56Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2/Bab 49a (riw | sunting) ‎[19.310 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi ' CHAPTER XLIXA. Chovevé Zion and Zionists in England—Louis Loewe—Nathan Marcus Adler—Albert Löwy—Abraham Benisch—The Rev. M. J. Raphall—Dr. M. Gaster—Rabbi Samuel Mohilewer—English representation at the Second and Third Congresses—The Fourth Congress in London. The Chovevé Zion movement in England was not very powerful, yet it enjoyed a certain amount of popularity. If we examine, for instance, the records for 1892‒7—the years which pre...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.56Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2/Sir Mark Sykes—Sebuah Persembahan (riw | sunting) ‎[48.904 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi ' SIR MARK SYKES, BART., M.P. (A TRIBUTE) A most tragic event took place on the 16th of February, 1919, when the world lost one of the most valiant champions of Zionism, namely Sir Mark Sykes, Bart., M.P. He fell like a hero in the thick of the fight; he was suddenly extinguished, as it were a torch in full blaze. He stood towering above the crowd of sceptics and grumblers, viewing the promised land as from Pisgah’s height, his clear eye fixed on Zion. He was a...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.54Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2/Catatan Pengantar (riw | sunting) ‎[5.321 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi ' PREFATORY NOTE The present volume contains the continuation and documentation of Volume I. After the conclusion of the historical review in its chronological order, it was considered desirable to supplement a portion of the narrative by adding further chapters, which will be found at the beginning of the present volume. These chapters bring the historical narrative up to the outbreak of the War in 1914. The developments in the Zionist Movement during the War...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.53Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 2 (riw | sunting) ‎[493 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CATATAN PENGANTAR PENGENALAN oleh M. Stéphen Pichon SIR MARK SYKES⁠—Sebuah Persembahan BAB XLIXA BAB XLIXB BAB XLIXC Se...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.46Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 53 (riw | sunting) ‎[14.829 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER LIII. THE PRINCIPLES OF ZIONISM Palestine as the Homeland—The rebirth of Jewish civilization—The security of public law—The aims of Political Zionism—A modern Commonwealth for the Jewish people. We are afraid that some readers may feel a certain disappointment at the absence in this book of any formulation of what they would call “definite demands” in respect to Palestine. They may have expected a detailed scheme, showing what political con...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.45Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 52 (riw | sunting) ‎[8.252 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi ' CHAPTER LII. BRITISH POLICY IN THE NEAR EAST The Russo-Turkish War, 1877‒78—The Turkish Revolution—Disappointed hopes—Jewish colonization and British commercial interests in Palestine. In dealing with the political events of 1839‒40, 1855‒56 and 1860‒61, we have attempted to show that Great Britain has always stood for the regeneration of the Near East—an idea of which political Zionism is an expression, inasmuch as it aims at introducing into...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.45Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 51 (riw | sunting) ‎[16.400 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER LI. ZIONISM IN ENGLAND The first leaders—Herzl before the Royal Commission on Immigration—The East Africa offer—Death of Herzl—Holman Hunt—Report of United States Consul at Beirut on Zionism—Lord Robert Cecil—The Palestine Exploration Fund—Colonel Conder—Lord Gwydyr—Zionism and the Arab question. We turn now to England, where the Zionist idea continued to find influential support after the foundation of the new movement. Dr. Herzl...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.43Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 50 (riw | sunting) ‎[15.141 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER L. ZIONISM IN FRANCE David Wolffsohn—France—M. Léon Bourgeois—Michel Erlanger—Zadoc Kahn—Baron Edmond de Rothschild—Professor Joseph Halévy—Dr. Emil Meyersohn—Dr. Waldemar Haffkine—The brothers Marmorek—Bernard Lazare. In its early years the new Zionist movement showed perhaps insufficient appreciation of the importance of Palestinian colonizing work. Its attention was turned mainly in another direction, that of paving the way for...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.41Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 49 (riw | sunting) ‎[35.641 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLIX. THE MOTIVE FORCES OF ZIONISM Modern Hebrew literature—The Chovevé Zion—The pioneers in Palestine. Thus the Zionist Movement was launched. Before we follow its progress during the intervening twenty years, it will be as well to give some account of the forces at work in Jewish life which made the movement and its success possible. For Zionism cannot be properly understood if it is regarded merely as a result of certain political combinations...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.38Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 48 (riw | sunting) ‎[9.870 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLVIII. THE FIRST ZIONIST CONGRESS The general impression—The proclamation of the Jewish national idea—The Basle Programme—The first Executive Central Committee—Prof. ♦Hermann Schapira—Christian visitors at the first Congress—Letters of the Grand Rabbin of France, M. Zadoc Kahn, and of the Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish community of London, Dr. Moses Gaster. The first Zionist Congress met in Basle on August 29th, 1897. This g...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.37Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 47 (riw | sunting) ‎[10.133 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLVII. MODERN ZIONISM Theodor Herzl—The first conception and the acceptance of Palestine—Max Nordau—The ideas of Modern Zionism. Zionism, an idea as old as the Jewish nation, preached by the representatives of Jewish thought, accepted and supported by prominent Christians in England and France and elsewhere, expressed and carried into effect in the colonization work in Palestine, was still in need of a great leader. There had been many eminent ch...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.36Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 46 (riw | sunting) ‎[11.602 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLVI. THE ARGENTINE VERSUS PALESTINE Expeditions and investigations in various countries—The decision in favour of The Argentine—Dr. G. Löwenthal—Col. A. E. W. Goldsmid—The “Lovers of Zion” and Baron de Hirsch in 1891—Baron and Baroness de Hirsch’s charitable works. Baron de Hirsch sent agents to make investigations in various parts of America—in Brazil, Mexico, Canada and The Argentine. On the advice of Dr. Guillaume Löwenthal, who...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.34Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 45 (riw | sunting) ‎[12.920 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLV. AN ATTEMPT TO SOLVE THE JEWISH PROBLEM The “Jewish Colonization Association” (1891)—Statutes and shareholders—Baron de Hirsch’s letter to the Russian Jews—His articles in the Forum and the North American Review—Baroness Clara de Hirsch. Baron de Hirsch was not a Zionist, nor do we desire to claim him as a national Jew. Had he been asked whether he recognized the national idea, he would undoubtedly have replied that he was opposed to...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.32Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 44 (riw | sunting) ‎[7.317 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLIV. BARON DE HIRSCH His philanthropic activity—The Oriental Jews and the “Alliance”—Emanuel Felix Veneziani—Lord Swaythling—Dr. A. Asher—Laurence Oliphant. Baron Maurice (Moritz) de Hirsch (Freiherr auf Gereuth) was born on December 9th, 1831, at Munich. His father, Baron Joseph de Hirsch (1805‒1895), was a native of that city, and son of Baron Jacob de Hirsch (1764‒1841), the founder of the family fortune. His mother (née Caroline...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.32Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 43 (riw | sunting) ‎[16.024 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLIII. THE MOVEMENT IN AMERICA Zionism echoed in America—Emma Lazarus—A call—Emma Lazarus and George Eliot—Mrs. Rose Sonnenshein—The Opposition—A Tour to Palestine—The Colonies. These ideas were echoed in a sublime form in English-speaking American Jewry by the poetess Emma Lazarus (1849‒1887), one of the most eloquent champions of the Jewish national idea in the English language. The story of Emma Lazarus’ life is the story of a sou...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.31Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 42 (riw | sunting) ‎[8.432 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLII. THE MOVEMENT IN ENGLAND William Ewart Gladstone—Father Ignatius—Gladstone’s ideas on Judaism—Concessions of the Jewish opposition—Goldsmid’s and d’Avigdor’s nationalistic replies. William Ewart Gladstone (1809‒1898), the “Grand Old Man,” statesman, orator, and scholar, gained the undying gratitude of humanity for his championship of right against might in countries which were striving for freedom from the iron grip of tyrann...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.29Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 41 (riw | sunting) ‎[9.343 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XLI. THE “LOVERS OF ZION” IN FRANCE AND ENGLAND The work in France—Baron Edmond de Rothschild and his activity in the colonization of Palestine—The effects in England—Colonel A. E. W. Goldsmid—Elim d’Avigdor. To come back to France, it is significant that whilst England took the first place in the propaganda of the idea, its practical progress was due to French Jewry, or, to be more precise, to an individual French Jew. The work of the...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.29Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 40 (riw | sunting) ‎[8.911 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XL. THE COLONIZATION OF PALESTINE Jewish immigration into England—A meeting for the establishment of Jewish colonies in Palestine—The foundation of the Society “Kadima”—The Opposition—The opinions of English authorities on Palestine—Col. Conder—General Sir Charles Warren—Lord Swaythling—Earl of Rosebery—A petition to Abdul Hamid, Sultan of Turkey. Through the persecutions of the Jews in different countries large numbers of fugitiv...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 09.28Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 39 (riw | sunting) ‎[25.635 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXIX. DR. LEO PINSKER His life and experiences—His Auto-emancipation—The old idea of self-help in Jewish teaching—Individual and national self-help—The revival of an old doctrine—An analysis of Auto-emancipation—The results of Pinsker’s idea. Leo Pinsker (1821‒1891) was the son of the well-known Jewish scholar Simchah Pinsker (1801‒1864), the celebrated author of Lekute Kadmonioth (Wien, 1860), an important work on the history of the...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 08.05Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 38 (riw | sunting) ‎[8.945 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXVIII. THE RUSSIAN POGROMS OF 1881 AND 1882 The new period of Jewish martyrdom—Public opinion in England—Mass meetings, questions in Parliament and collections—Protests from France, Holland, America and other countries—An instructive lesson—Emigration of Jewish masses—The problem—The “Lovers of Zion.” The year 1882 was a turning-point in the history of the colonization of Palestine by the Jews. The anti-Jewish riots and massacres w...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 08.04Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 37 (riw | sunting) ‎[14.261 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXVII. CHRISTIAN PROPAGANDA IN ENGLAND A new appeal—Earl of Shaftesbury in 1876—Edward Cazalet—Laurence Oliphant—Zionism in English fiction—George Eliot—“Daniel Deronda”—The Jewish nationalism of Mordecai Cohen—A quotation from Dr. Joseph Jacobs. In Palestine the Jews continued to cherish the hope of colonization, though they had a hard struggle for existence. In a new appeal addressed to the Jews in England, Rabbi Sneersohn descri...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 08.03Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 36 (riw | sunting) ‎[6.705 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXVI. APPEALS FOR COLONIZATION A Rabbinical appeal—Rabbi Elias Gutmacher—Rabbi Hirsch Kalischer—Correspondence with Sir Moses Montefiore—Servian Jews ready for Palestine—Rabbi Sneersohn—Another appeal of Henri Dunant—A committee in Paris under the patronage of the Empress of the French—Zionism in French fiction. In 1867 an appeal in favour of the colonization of Palestine was addressed to English Jews by two well-known Rabbis, Elias Gu...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 08.01Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 35 (riw | sunting) ‎[11.103 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXV. COLONIZATION AND RESTORATION Henry Wentworth Monk—Zionism in France—Jean Henri Dunant’s “Le Renouvellement de l’Orient”—Napoleon III.—Bishop Stephen Watson—“L’Orient” in Brussels. Philanthropy, not nationalism, was the basis of the “London Hebrew Society for the Colonization of the Holy Land” (Appendix lxvii), founded by Jews in 1861. This experiment, generous as it was, could not succeed, even as a philanthropic schem...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 08.01Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 34 (riw | sunting) ‎[21.727 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXIV. ZIONISM VERSUS ASSIMILATION The first difficulties—The traditions of Anglo-Jewry—The influence of the English people on the Jews—Assimilation and the Jewish National idea—The Zionist conception of the Jewish problem—The tragedy of a minority. In order that Zionism might be prevented from becoming a metaphysical theory instead of a practical principle, and might achieve concreteness and real life, it was most advisable that its developm...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.58Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 33 (riw | sunting) ‎[8.523 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXIII. JEWISH COLONIZATION New developments—Two tendencies—Societies in London for supporting Jewish colonization of Palestine—Rabbi Chayyim Zebi Sneersohn—Sir Moses Montefiore’s further journey to Palestine. The various projects and suggestions discussed above fell far short of real Zionism, although some of them were permeated with Zionist ideals. Between the Restoration of Israel preached by Christians and that advocated by national Jews,...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.57Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 32 (riw | sunting) ‎[17.264 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXII. ZIONISM IN FRANCE Joseph Salvador—Lazar Lévy-Bing—Maurice [Moses] Hess—D. Nathan—Benoît Levy—Dr. A.-F. Pétavel—Ernest Laharanne—Crémieux—The “Alliance Israélite Universelle”—Albert Cohn—Charles Netter. In France the Zionist idea found a supporter in one of the most prominent French Jews of the last century, Joseph Salvador (1796‒1873). He was the first French Jew after the emancipation of the Jews in France to expr...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.55Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 31 (riw | sunting) ‎[21.193 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXXI. THE LEBANON QUESTION Selim I.—The Emir Beshir of The Lebanon—A Conference of five Powers—Druses and Maronites—Massacres in Damascus—A Military Expedition—The Protocol of August 3rd, 1860—General Beaufort d’Hautpoul—Achmet Pasha—David Pasha—Joseph Karan—The Constitution of The Lebanon—The boundaries—The alterations from 1861 to 1902—The Earl of Carnarvon’s views—Jewish charity—Anti-Jewish accusations and riots—...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.53Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 30 (riw | sunting) ‎[11.425 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXX. BRITISH INTEREST AND WORK IN PALESTINE Mr. Rogers—Mr. Finzi—Agricultural work in Palestine under the auspices of the British Consul—W. Holman Hunt—Thomas Seddon—A New Appeal—Prof. D. Brown—Rev. John Fry—Rev. Capel Molyneux—Prof. C. A. Auberlen—Dr. W. Urwick—Dr. E. Henderson—Prof. Joseph A. Alexander—Dr. Patrick Fairbairn—Dr. Thomas Arnold. “The greatest advantages had resulted to the Jews from this indirect protection...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.51Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 29 (riw | sunting) ‎[11.816 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXIX. BRITAIN’S MISSION IN THE EAST Colonel Charles Henry Churchill—Sir Austen Henry Layard—“The Key to the East”—European Consuls in Palestine—The Hatti Sheerif of Gulharch—Lord Palmerston’s Circular of April, 1841—Mr. James Finn. The theory of Great Britain’s mission in the East has been put forward by representatives of different classes of English people in different epochs and from various points of view. The idea existed in...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.50Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 28 (riw | sunting) ‎[20.507 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXVIII. THE CRIMEAN WAR Russia and Turkey—A protectorate over the Greek Christians—The question of the “Holy Places”—The Greek Church—Sultan Mahmud II. and the Tsar Nicholas I.—Jurisdiction in Turkey—Prince Menschikoff—The Alliance between France, Great Britain and Turkey—Sardinia—Alexander II.—The fall of Sebastopol—The conclusion of peace in Paris—The question of reforms—The Jewish point of view—The Crimean War and Pale...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.49Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 27 (riw | sunting) ‎[13.622 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXVII. EARL OF BEACONSFIELD Christianity and Judaism—Disraeli’s character—Jewish features—Alroy—Tancred—The defence of Jewish rights—Oriental policy. The most original combination of an Englishman and a Jew was Benjamin Disraeli (1804‒1887), Earl of Beaconsfield (1876), whom Zionists may claim as one of the greatest representatives of their movement. Was Lord Beaconsfield a Christian or a Jew? For Jews the question is satisfactorily ans...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.47Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 26 (riw | sunting) ‎[15.631 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXVI. PROTECTION AND RESTORATION The Don Pacifico case—Admiral Sir William Parker—Lord Stanley—Mr. J. A. Roebuck—Lord Palmerston’s policy attacked—Peel and the Opposition—Plans for colonization of Palestine—Mordecai Manuel Noah—Warder Cresson—Rev. A. G. H. Hollingsworth—Colonel George Gawler—“The Final Exodus”—Dr. Thomas Clarke. A serious conflict broke out between England and Greece, and consequently in England itself, in...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.46Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 25 (riw | sunting) ‎[7.853 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXV. RESTORATION AND PROTECTION A new Memorandum—The “Balance of Power”—Palestine and “Rights” in other countries—A “Memorial of the Church of Scotland”—Protection for the Jews in the East. Some time afterwards a new Memorandum appeared in the press, which may be considered one of the highest eulogies of Zionism ever written (Appendix lv). It combines religious conviction with an appreciation of political realism. The writers—this...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.45Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 24 (riw | sunting) ‎[8.953 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXIV. MEMORANDUM OF THE PROTESTANT MONARCHS The London Convention of 1840—The new Treaty of London for the pacification of the Levant—Viscount Ponsonby—Reshid Pasha—Lord Shaftesbury’s “Exposé” addressed to Lord Palmerston—The articles in The Times—A Memorandum to the European Monarchs—“Enquiries about the Jews”—The Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums. We have to go back to the political changes which we indicated in connection w...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.44Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 23 (riw | sunting) ‎[9.429 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXIII. EARL OF SHAFTESBURY Diaries of 1830‒40—The first English Vice-Consul for Jerusalem—Lord Lindsay’s travels in Egypt and the Holy Land—A guarantee of five Powers—Lord Shaftesbury’s conception of a spiritual centre for the Jewish nation. The Zionist idea not only has a long and unbroken history in England; it links together periods and men of the most widely different convictions and emotions. This truth is illustrated by the fact tha...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.43Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 22 (riw | sunting) ‎[13.264 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXII. SIR MOSES MONTEFIORE The project “for Cultivation of the Land in Palestine”—Abraham Shoshana and Samuel Aboo—Sir Moses and Lord Palmerston—Great Britain’s protection of the Jews in the East—Lord Aberdeen—Sir Stratford Canning—Dr. Edward Robinson—Burghas Bey—A new journey to the East. England and English Jews deserve indisputably to be placed in the forefront of Zionism. A great pioneer of Anglo-Jewish Zionism during the Palm...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.41Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 21 (riw | sunting) ‎[11.168 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XXI. ENGLAND AND THE JEWS IN THE EAST Damascus and Rhodes, 1840—The anti-Jewish accusations—Jewish opinion in England and France—Two views—The persecutions and the Zionist idea—The difficulties of a Jewish initiative—Sir W. R. W. Wilde. At that time an occurrence of a grave character troubled the Jews in the East. The Jews resident at Damascus and Rhodes were subjected in 1840 to cruel persecution on the false and atrocious charge that they...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.40Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 20 (riw | sunting) ‎[6.178 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XX. THE SYRIAN PROBLEM The conflicting interests of the Powers—Was the conflict irreconcilable?—Public opinion—A new principle—The independence of Syria—A neutral position—The Zionist idea as the only solution—A practical proposition. Public opinion had for a long time laboured under the impression that the intricacy of the Eastern question was due much more to the conflicting interests of the Powers engaged in its solution than to any in...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.40Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 19 (riw | sunting) ‎[12.474 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XIX. THE PALMERSTON PERIOD The Conflict between Turkey and Egypt—Mahmud II., Sultan of Turkey—Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt—The victory of Nezib—The Turkish Fleet—Wellington’s policy—The Eastern Question—Wellington’s opinion—The London Conference, 1840—The Insurrection in Syria and the Lebanon—An Ultimatum—The Capture of Acre by the British Fleet, 1840—Schemes of annexation. The Palmerston period, 1837‒52, was a great time i...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.38Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 18 (riw | sunting) ‎[11.872 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XVIII. LORD BYRON The Biblical drama “Cain”—Byron and the Bible—The Hebrew Melodies—A poet and a hero—The Hon. Douglas Kinnaird—Isaac Nathan—John Braham—Lady Caroline Lamb—Sir Walter Scott—Dr. John Gill—Dr. Henry Hunter—The Rev. John Scott—Mr. Joseph Eyre. At that time the ideal aspirations of the Jewish nation found their most forceful expression in English poetry. George Gordon Byron (1788‒1824), the sixth Baron Byron, w...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.37Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 17 (riw | sunting) ‎[8.640 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XVII. THE ZIONIST IDEA IN ENGLAND The spirit of the time—Different currents—Thomas Witherby—Dr. Joseph Priestley—Anti-Socinus, alias Anselm Bayly—John Hadley Swain—William Whiston—Bishop Robert Lowth—Dr. Philip Doddridge—David Levi. In the early years of the nineteenth century religious ideas exercised considerable influence on the English mind, and penetrated deeply into the soul of the nation. Public opinion was, therefore, favourab...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.35Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 16 (riw | sunting) ‎[12.550 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XVI. ENGLISH OPINION ON THE SANHEDRIN English opinion on the Sanhedrin—F. D. Kirwan—Abraham Furtado—Rev. James Bicheno—The Declaration of the Sanhedrin and English comment—M. Diogène Tama—The Prince de Ligne. Coming back to English history, we now propose to trace the impression produced in this country by Bonaparte’s Palestine Appeal of 1798 and the Proclamation of a Sanhedrin in 1807. English opinion on this point was quite clear. No...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.34Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 15 (riw | sunting) ‎[12.853 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XV. NAPOLEON’S SANHEDRIN The “Sanhedrin”—R. David Sintzheim—M. S. Asser—Moses Leman—Juda Litvak—Michael Berr—Lipman Cerf-Berr—The Decisions and Declarations—Napoleon I. and the Jews. Meanwhile circumstances had undergone a material change, and eight years after the failure of the Syrian Campaign and the Appeal to the Jews of Asia and Africa, Bonaparte, now Napoleon I., issued an order to convene a Jewish “Sanhedrin” in Paris (...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.32Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 14 (riw | sunting) ‎[7.225 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XIV. TWO JERUSALEM RABBIS Rabbi Moses Mordecai Joseph Meyuchas—The Spanish Jewish traditions—Rabbi Israel Jacob Algazi—The importance of the Jewish settlement in Palestine—Zionist aspirations. To obtain an idea of the views and aspirations of the Jews of Palestine in that period we may glance at two Hahamim of Jerusalem—Moses Mordecai Joseph Meyuchas and Israel Jacob Algazi. Haham Samuel Moses Mordecai Joseph de Raphael de Meyuchas was born...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.31Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 13 (riw | sunting) ‎[10.963 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XIII. NAPOLEON IN PALESTINE Bonaparte approaching Jerusalem—Anti-Jewish accusations—Bonaparte and the Christians—Suleiman Pasha—Abdallah Pasha—Haim Farhi’s martyr death—The Farhi family—Generations of martyrs. Through the primitive but excellent channels of information of the Eastern caravans, Bedouins and Dervishes, Bonaparte must have heard of this treatment of the Jewish minister by the “Butcher,” and of the other atrocities comm...')
  • 28 Maret 2024 07.30Sejarah Zionisme, 1600-1918/Volume 1/Bab 12 (riw | sunting) ‎[10.751 bita]Glorious Engine (bicara | kontrib) (←Membuat halaman berisi 'CHAPTER XII. HAIM FARHI Saul Farhi—Ahmad Jazzár—Saul Farhi’s sons: Haim, Solomon, Raphael and Moses Farhi—Jewish communities in Palestine and Syria—The importance of Palestine in the struggle between Bonaparte and the Ottoman Empire—Haim Farhi’s martyrdom. In order to grasp the real importance and meaning of Bonaparte’s idea, we have to occupy ourselves with the dramatis personæ, and first of all with Haim Farhi. The life of this man was full...')
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